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Blue Tiger
  Tirumala limniace Cramer, 1775
irumala limniace leopardus Butler, Tirumala limniace leopardus Cramer, (Neela Gomara)
Scientific classification
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Arthropoda
Class : Insecta
Order : Lepidoptera
Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Danainae
Genus : Tirumala
Species : T. limniace
Binomial name
  Tirumala limniace Cramer, 1775
Status in Sri Lanka
  Common resident 
  75-95 mm 
Host plant
  Plants of family Asclepiadaceae such as, Wattakaka volubilis, Tylophora indica, Calotropis gigantean and Crotolaria (Fabaceae) spp.
Nectaring Plants
  cultivated or wild growing flowers
Similar species
  • Dark Blue Tiger ♀♂
  • Glassy Blue Tiger♀♂
  • Glassy Tiger♀♂
  • Dark Wanderer♀
  • Common Mime ♀♂ 
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      The Oriental Region (Except Borneo and Sumatra, Nothern Sulawesi and certain Philippine Islands)  
    Color/ pattern  
    Male ♂   Female ♀
    The upper side of both wings is black with pale blue markings. These markings are broad streaks at the base of the wings but become smaller and more circular towards the outer margins. The ground color of the under side is olive brown. The markings below are similar to those on the upper side.  

    Similar as the male.

    Identification characters of sexes  
      the male can be distinguished from the female by the bell-shaped elevated scent patch located between the first and second veins of the hind wing.  
      Found commonly in lower elevations especially below 1000feet. It is found throughout the year but is most plentiful during the south-west and north-east monsoons. It favors open spaces with scrub jungle or secondary growth and frequents fences that are overgrown with vegetation, especially when this includes its larval host plants. 

    It flies at all heights, but mostly above ten to fifteen feet above ground. It has a characteristic slow meandering flight and moves forward with a few wing beats followed by a spell of gliding. The wings are held in a 'V' shaped angle during the glide. The males visit wet soil and muddy patches but not very frequently. In the evenings, they roost in large numbers inside the canopy of trees by hanging onto dead twigs or small bare branches. On windy or particularly hot, dry days, one will often see a Blue tiger resting, wings folded back and down, on the tip of a twig, or even sticks poking out of the ground, in shady spots around paddy field.

     When foraging, the males are irresistibly attracted in large numbers to dead plant parts of Heliotropium indicum or the pods of Crotalaria pallida. When threatened they take to the air, their wings often hitting against each other or the vegetation to produce a rustling sound. While feeding, they frequently open and close their wings in a slow and controlled manner. They’re known to take part in migrations.

    Mechanisms to overcome threats  
    Eggs   Larvae (Caterpillar)
    ?   ?
    Pupa (Chrysalis)   Imago (Adult)
    ?   Mimics as an unpalatable poisonous species, and are avoided both by birds and lizards. It also has tough, leathery skin to survive occasional attacks caused by birds and lizards. When attacked it fakes death and oozes nauseating liquid which makes it smell and taste terrible. It has the ability to recover soon after an attack.
    Size :
    Number :
    Color :
    Time duration :

    Season :

    Larvae (Caterpillar)
    Size :
    Shape :
    typically danaid
    Color :
    Ornamented with orange mid-lateral band on either side; 8-10 patches comprised of four five dorsal bands per patch and white-striped fleshy tubercles on the 3rd and 12th segments only
    Time duration :
    Season :


    Size :
    Shape :
    Smooth, bulbous
    Color :
    Green or pink, ornamented with gold spots; 7th segment with a silvery or golden circlet; suspended upside down by cremaster only.
    Time duration :
    Season :
    Tested on
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