Checklist     Home   About   Activities   Eco Tour   Help   Contact
 
Ceylon Tiger 
  Parantica taprobana
Hela Gomara
 
 
     
 
 
Scientific classification
 
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Arthropoda
Class : Insecta
Order : Lepidoptera
Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Danainae
Genus : Parantica
Species : P. taprobana
   
   
Binomial name
  Parantica taprobana (Felder & Felder, 1865)
   
   
Synonyms
 

Fumata Butler, 1866

   
   
Status in Sri Lanka
  Endemic resident
Near Threatened (IUCN 2.3)
   
   
Wingspan
 

80-90 mm

   
   
Host plant
  Ceropegia thwaitesei (Asclepiadaceae)
   
   
Nectaring Plants
  Ageratum 
   
   
Similar species
 
  •    
       
       
     
    free counters
         
    Distribution   
      Restricted to central mountain forests in Sri Lanka.
     
         
    Color/ pattern  
     
         
    Male ♂   Female ♀
    The upper surface of both wings is rich in dark chocolate brown with bright greenish white markings. The forewings have two distinct streaks starting at the base of the wings and the hind wing has similar markings. Both upper wing surfaces have a number of rounded spots towards the outer margins. The markings on the underside correspond to those on the upper surface but are lighter in color.   Similar as the male. 
     
         
    Identification characters of sexes  
      The scent patches on the male are elongate. They are located on veins 1a and 1b towards the distal end of the hind wings. The scent patch on 1b is twice as large as the one on 1a. 
     
         
    Habitat  
      It is restricted to central mountain forests above 3000 feet on top of Pidurutalagala. It occasionally strays into the gardens of tea plantations.  
         
    Habits  
     

    It is noticeably faster flier than any other Danaid. It flies commonly near to tree canopy and get nectar on wayside flowers. It hangs on the flowers at an incline with wings partly open while feeding. It flies lazily along pathways and road sides. Not easy to approach and will fly away albeit slowly at any sudden movement. At very sunny days this species used to be seen flying slowly about the flowers in parks.

     
         
    Mechanisms to overcome threats  
     
         
    Eggs   Larvae (Caterpillar)
    ?   ?
         
    Pupa (Chrysalis)   Imago (Adult)
    ?   Mimics as an unpalatable poisonous species, and are avoided both by birds and lizards. It also has tough, leathery skin to survive occasional attacks caused by birds and lizards. When attacked it fakes death and oozes nauseating liquid which makes it smell and taste terrible. It has the ability to recover soon after an attack.
     
         
               
     
     
    Eggs
     
    Size :
    ?
     
    Shape
    ?
     
    Number :
    ?
     
    Color :
    alternately black and white with yellow lateral line and yellow dorsal patches on the 2nd segment, as well as the final three near the tail; a pair of long filamentous tubercles immediately behind the head, curling forward; a small pair of filaments near the anal appendage facing the opposite direction.
     
    Time duration :
    ?
     

    Season :

    ?
     
     
     
    Larvae (Caterpillar)
     
    Size :
    ?
     
    Shape :
    ?
     
    Color :
    ?
     
    Time duration :
    ?
     
    Season :

    ?

     
     
     
    Pupa
     
    Size :
    ?
     
    Shape :
    round typically danaid
     
    Color :
    bright pale green with black punctiform spots girdling the junction between thorax and abdomen.
     
    Time duration :
    ?
     
    Season :
    ?
     
    Tested on
    Copyright © 2010 www.wildreach.com. All rights reserved.
    We believe that any data are open and can be used by all mankind to obtain knowledge. Therefore our site information is opened to be used for your requirements by informing us.  If it’s a publication, you should mention about our site and a copy should be sent to us.