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Common Tiger
  Danaus genutia
Agni gomara,
 
 
         
   
 
Scientific classification
 
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Arthropoda
Class : Insecta
Order : Lepidoptera
Superfamily : Papilionoidea
Family : Nymphalidae
Subfamily : Danainae
Tribe : Danaini
Genus : Danaus
Species : D. genutia
   
   
Binomial name
  Danaus genutia Cramer, 1779
   
   
Synonyms
  Striped tiger
   
   
Status in Sri Lanka
  Common resident
   
   
Wingspan
  75 to 95 mm
   
   
Host plant
  Plants of family Asclepiadaceae. First meal is the eggshell itself and then proceeds to eat leaves and vegetative parts of the host plant Asclepias curassavica.
   
   
Nectaring Plants
  ?
   
   
Similar species
 
  • Indian Tamil Lacewing ♀♂,
  • Leopard Lacewing ♀♂,
  • Common Palmfly ♀
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    free counters
     
         
    Distribution   
      the oriental Region such as India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Taiwan, Andamans, Nicobars and extend to South East Asia, and the extreme western tip of the Australian region.  
         
    Color/ pattern  
     
         
    Male   Female
    It has tawny wings with veins marked with broad black bands. The underside of the wings resembles the upper side but is paler in coloration. The black-and-white spot on the underside of the hind wing is prominent. In drier regions the tawny part of the hind wing pales and approaches white in color.   Similar as the male. The margins of the wings are black with two rows of white spots.
     
         
    Identification characters of sexes  
      The male has a scent patch which is oval. It is found on the second vein of the hind wing which is a little black discal pouch marked by small patch of white scales. The female has a pouch on the hind wing  
         
    Habitat  
      It is mainly found in scrub jungles, fallow land adjacent to habitation, dry and moist deciduous forests and it prefer areas of moderate to heavy rainfall. Also occurs in degraded hill slopes and ridges, both, bare or denuded, mangrove swamps and, those covered with secondary growth. It also inhabits in the lightly wooded areas, home gardens, hedge rows, waste places and cultivated lands. It is found at all elevations up to 3500 feet but rarely seen higher.  
         
    Habits  
     

    It is considered as a strong flier, but never flies rapidly or high. It has stronger and faster strokes than the Plain Tiger. It can escape quite vigorously. The butterfly ranges forth in search of its host and nectar plants.

     
         
    Mechanisms to overcome threats  
     
         
    Eggs   Larvae (Caterpillar)
    ?    
         
    Pupa (Chrysalis)   Imago (Adult)
        Mimics as an unpalatable poisonous species, and are avoided both by birds and lizards. It also has tough, leathery skin to survive occasional attacks caused by birds and lizards. When attacked it fakes death and oozes nauseating liquid which makes it smell and taste terrible. It has the ability to recover soon after an attack.
     
         
               
     
     
    Eggs
     
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    Larvae (Caterpillar)
     
    Size :
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    Shape :
    Cylindrical
     
    Color :
    the body of it is black with a yellow ventral or lateral line, and a pair of ovoid yellow dorsal spots on each segments being separated by a narrow pale yellow stripe. The three pairs of fleshy lobes are longest at the head and shortest at the tail, the middle pair being crimson at their bases.
     
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    Pupa
     
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    Color :
    It is pale green with yellow at the cremaster end; thoracic ridge adorned with a row of black spots between twosilvery ones; metallic spots of gold or silver at the head capsule and at the shoulder of the wing cases.
     
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